PuTTY is a lightweight SSH client for Windows.
Use it if you need access to a text console on
(or any other machine where you can login via SSH).
Download from www.chiark.greenend.org.uk/~sgtatham/putty,
or search the Web for PuTTY, in case the URL has changed.
WinSCP is a GUI program for secure connections. Its important feature is a built-in text editor,
capable of editing files on a remote Linux/UNIX system (without wreacking havoc with line endings). Files you
may want to edit are
.procmailrc (mail filtering/forwarding),
.vacation.msg (vacation autoreply message),
web site files in
public_html etc. Download WinSCP from winscp.net.
Choose Explorer interface option while installing. Upon connection, navigate to folder/file of interest,
right-click on it, choose Edit, make necessary changes, Save (floppy disk icon).
Cygwin is a UNIX-like environment for Windows. It provides an impressive range of traditional open source GNU software: from cat, cp, tar and rsync to compilers, PERL, TeX/LaTeX and X Window graphical system. Cygwin comes with a GUI setup.exe utility, which lets you select what packages should be installed (or added later). SSH is provided in 'openssh' package. Cygwin home.
Filezilla is a GUI program for secure file transfers.
Download from filezilla-project.org, install
and lauch the program. Choose File → Site Manager → New Site. Configure SFTP connection to
Click OK to save configuration or Connect to save and connect at once.
Dartmouth currently uses GlobalProtect VPN. See VPN in ITC knowledge base.
Math VPN uses OpenVPN technology. Search for and install OpenVPN client app for your device (available for Android, Chrome OS, iOS, Linux, macOS, Windows). Download MathVPN.ovpn configuration file. Use your OpenVPN app to add a new VPN configuration by importing the downloaded MathVPN.ovpn. The file has embedded certificates, so there is no need to provide them separately in VPN configuration.
When starting MathVPN connection use your “gauss” login credentials.
If the app doesn't offer a way to import configuration files, here are MathVPN parameters for manual configuration:
VPN type: OpenVPN
Gateway or portal: 184.108.40.206
Authentication: use your “gauss” username and password
CA certificate: DigiCertCA — may already be present on your device (in /etc/ssl/certs/ on Linux) or download.
If you have Math Dept. user account (also known as “gauss” account), you also have a corresponding email account.
Your Math email arrives at (and can be sent from)
math.dartmouth.edu server. It can be accessed
instantly and globally via Webmail — this does not require any configuration! As for email applications, all of them, including mobile,
can be configured to use your Math account using these generic settings:
Incoming server: math.dartmouth.edu, type: IMAP, port: 993
Connection type/encryption: TLS
Username: your Math username
Password: for the username above
Outgoing/SMTP server: math.dartmouth.edu, port: 465, protocol: TLS; authenticate with Math username and password.
Please use plain text to write email whenever possible (useplaintext.email), thank You!
Edit → Preferences →
Click Edit Directories, Add:
General tab:Back in the Preferences window select “Dartmouth Directory” for Directory Server.
Name: Dartmouth Directory
Base DN: dc=kiewit,dc=dartmouth,dc=edu
Port number: 636
Bind DN: email@example.com
Use secure connection (SSL): yes
Below are step-by-step instructions on how to add your firstname.lastname@example.org account to Thunderbird and Outlook. Please use plain text to write email whenever possible (useplaintext.email), thank You!
Your name: Your real name
Email address: email@example.com
Password: password for the above
Continue — Thunderbird will probe servers and should detect correct connection settings:
Incoming: math.dartmouth.edu IMAP 143 STARTTLS Outgoing: math.dartmouth.edu SMTP 587 STARTTLSIf settings were detected correctly — click Create Account.
Otherwise click Manual Setup and enter correct settings under Server Settings and Outgoing Server (SMTP).
gaussusing Math username and password.
.vacation.msg(viewing hidden files must be enabled, Ctrl+Alt+h)
#characters from both lines, save, close editor window.
.procmailrcand comment out the two lines by putting back
#characters at the beginning of each line.
Ask Laurie Johnson in 102B about backing up your Mac or Windows.
We recommend using Cygwin/X. Cygwin installer can be downloaded from
cygwin.com. After installation is complete, run Cygwin Terminal
and then start X by giving a
startxwin command (provided by Cygwin
xinit package). Wait for the (green) “X Applications” icon to appear
on your Windows taskbar. The icon gives access to Cygwin/X apps and settings. If the application you are seeking is not listed,
you still might be able to run it by first starting XTerm and then running your app from there by typing its name.
To run an X application on a remote Linux machine, e.g. gauss, while in XTerm type:
ssh -Y username@gauss program_name
“XLaunch is a wizard to make starting X server sessions easy.” It's part of Cygwin/X.
Configuration will be saved to an .xlauch file. Clicking on it will invoke X program according to settings. To change any of these settings use Right-click then Edit. Windows doesn't allow to change the icon associated with .xlaunch (not in the easy way). .xlaunch file can be put anywhere in a file system and then a shortcut can be created on Desktop. Shortcut's icon can be changed easily.
Configuration will be saved to an .xlauch file. Clicking on it will invoke X conenction according to settings. To change any of these settings use Right-click then Edit. Windows doesn't allow to change the icon associated with .xlaunch (not in the easy way). .xlaunch file can be put anywhere in a file system and then a shortcut can be created on Desktop. Shortcut's icon can be changed easily.
Authentication can also be done using public/secret SSH key pair. In such a case, uncheck “Prompt for SSH password” option.
~/.ssh directory is in C:\cygwin64\home\youruser. This is where SSH keys and any SSH configuration settings will be.
From the Cygwin terminal it's the usual
/home/youruser/.ssh/. Keys can be generated with the usual
If you really want to view PostScript files on Windows, then you will have to install Ghostscript and Ghostview. The main site is here.